United State

Position Statements:

ISPS-US Statement on Mass Shootings and "Mental Illness"

While the number of mass shootings in the United States has risen sharply over the past 20 years, and shows no sign of slowing down, some public leaders have erroneously blamed "mental illness" for these horrific crimes. ISPS-US joins Mental Health America, the National Association of Social Workers, the American Counseling Association, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Medical Association in condemning statements that blame or suggest that "mental illness" is the culprit behind these crimes.

Scientific literature has made it clear that the association between violence and psychiatric diagnosis is generally weak and that there are variables that are far more predictive of dangerous behavior. For example, domestic violence and violence against women are highly correlated with mass gun violence.

The myth of the paranoid madman has been amplified and exploited to distract policymakers from exploring social and economic issues that have the potential to create a less violent culture for all of us, including greater access to health care, strengthening family and social connections and reducing income inequality.

ISPS-US also condemns the creation of "red flag" rules based mental health diagnosis or involuntarily hospitalization. These "red flag" rules operate under the false assumptions that people who receive mental health treatment are at increased risk of violent behavior, that mental health diagnoses are valid and reliable, and that mental health professionals are able to accurately predict violence. These assumptions are erroneous and drastically increase stigmatization of people who receive mental health diagnoses, in particular, schizophrenia.

ISPS-US Statement Condemning U.S. Immigration Family Separation Policies

The traumatic family separation policies of the Trump White House (WH) have been condemned by the following American health and human rights organizations: The American Academy of Pediatrics, The United Nation's Human Rights Council, the American Medical Association, the American College of Emergency Physicians, the American College of Physicians, the National Association of Social Workers, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychological Association, the American Public Health Association, the National Academy of Medicine, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS), the American Psychoanalytic Association, the American Nurses Association, etc.

ISPS-US condemns these family separation policies as they substantially increase young people's vulnerability to being to being labeled with psychosis and schizophrenia. Early life stress (ELS) and childhood maltreatment/separation trauma are known to be correlated with the later development of multiple psychiatric syndromes, including schizophrenia and psychosis (Teicher et al., 2016).

Green and colleagues (2014), after reviewing the research on "schizophrenia" and bipolar disorder, noted: "The evidence is thus converging: exposure to stress at critical periods in life may be an important factor in the development of the brain dysfunction that represents psychosis vulnerability, rather than merely interacting with an independent 'biological vulnerability' to manifest in psychosis" (p. 217).

Current federal policy forcibly separating children from their parents has harmful and lasting psychological effects for generations to come. ISPS-US join's major health and human rights organizations in offering widespread condemnation of current immigration policy. We cannot more strongly decry the willful perpetration of psychological devastation on a mass scale by a nation that holds the ideal of liberty and justice for all.

Teicher, M. H., Samson, J. A.., Anderson, C. M. & Ohashi, K. (2016). The effects of childhood maltreatment on brain structure, function and connectivity. Nature Reviews/Neuroscience, 17, 652-666.
Green, M. J., Girshkin, L.. Teroganova, N. & Quide, Y. (2014). Stress, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. In C. M. Pariante & M. D. Lapiz-Bluhm (Eds.), Behavioral Neurobiology of Stress-Related Disorders, pp. 217-235. NY: Springer.

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